- Jeju - Introduction
The Province of Jeju has an extensive background in the implementation of cultural policies and programmes in sustainable development.
Since 2014, the Province of Jeju has demonstrated leadership and expertise on culture and sustainability. First Asian Pilot City of the Agenda 21 for culture in 2014, Jeju became in 2015 a Leading Province of Agenda 21 for culture and joined the board of the Committee on culture of UCLG in 2016. The Province of Jeju is developing a great work combining culture, heritage, creativity, sustainable communities, public spaces and environmental concern.
Jeju is emerging as an exemplar place in the field of cultural policies in Asia, and open to the whole world. Jeju is 73 km wide and 41 km long with a total area of 1,848 km2, and has a mild oceanic climate. The largest island in South Korea, Jeju emerged 700,000 – 1,200,000 years ago as the result of an underwater volcanic eruption, and sacred Mt Halla rises in its centre to 1950m above sea level.
Relatively isolated from the rest of the world, the island’s nature has been well preserved in its original state. Jeju’s unique culture can be found in its diving women, shamanism, distinct dialect, arts and crafts, foods its people’s longevity and a strong sense of community. Ecocultural tourism is the primary industry, and with good reason: UNESCO has designated Jeju Island in 3 of its Natural Science categories: Biosphere, World Natural heritage and Global Geopark, making Jeju the only place in the world to have received this “Tripple Crown”. Jeju has also been selected as one of the world’s “New 7 Wonders of Nature”.
The UCLG Culture Summit will take place at the Jeju Arts and Culture Centre.
December 16,2002 , designated a World Biosphere Reserve on June 27,2007 and registered as Korea’s first World Natural Heritage Property with the title of Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes Jeju Island consists of two streams located in the center of the Island and three islets in the southern part of the Island. The highest elevation is 1,950m which is the summit of Mt. Halla and the Maximum depth of the coastal and marine areas is 74m below sea level at the coastal area southwest of Munseom(Islet).
Mt. Halla Natural Reserve, Geomunoreum Lava Tube System, Seongsan Ilchulbong Tuff Cone. Due to its breathtaking beauty, these three areas known as ‘Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes’ are selected unanimously by the World Heritage Committee as the first World Natural Heritage Site in South Korea.
Jeju Island Geopark was confirmed as a Global Geoparks Network member on October 4, 2010 Global Geopark. The entire Jeju Island is a World Geopark recognized for its diversity of volcanic formations and geological resources. Among various sites, the nine particular sites are sought popularly by visitors. First, there is the symbolic icon of Jeju, Mt. Hallasan located at the center of the island. Suwolbong tuff ring is a well-known research site for its hydrovolcanic landforms. Mt. Sanbangsan is famous for its lava dome. Yongmeori Coast reveals a well-preserved history of hydrovolcanic activities during the early formations of Jeju Island. Jusangjeolli Columnar Joint is a popular educational site with the hexagonal lava pillars. The volume in the solidified lava shrank as the hot lava-flows from volcanic explosions cooled down. As a result, the hardened lava formations were split vertically forming its hexagonal pillar shapes. Seogwipo Formation tells the marine environment one million years ago in the excellent preservation of the shell fish fossil layers. Cheonjiyeon Falls show eroded sedimentary deposits while revealing the formation progress of the valley and the falls. Seongsan Ilchulbong sunrise peak, is known as one of the most representative landforms of tuff cone. Finally, there is Manjanggul cave. It is the only one open to visitors as part of the Geomunoreum Lava Tube System.
Jejudo is a volcanic island, 130 km from the southern coast of Korea. The largest island and smallest province in Korea, the island has a surface area of 1,846 sqkm. A central feature of Jeju is Hallasan, the tallest mountain in South Korea and a dormant volcano, which rises 1,950 m above sea level. 360 satellite volcanoes are around the main volcano.Copyright © Jeju Tourism Organization